This work always reminds me of a passage from Frederick Douglass' Narrative, in which he had secretly obtained a book, The Columbian Orator while in the depths of despair about being a slave for life. He wrote: "Every opportunity I got, I used to read this book....[It] gave tongue to interesting thoughts of my own soul, which had frequently flashed through my mind, and died away for want of utterance"(23-24). That's what Declarations was for me: an affirmation of my deepest-held beliefs, and a model for expressing them openly. Zinn had subtitled his book, "Cross-examining American Ideology", and challenged every one of the assumptions listed below.
‘Be realistic; this is the way things are; there’s no point thinking about how things should be.’
‘People who teach or write or report the news should be objective; they should not try to advance their own opinions.’
‘There are unjust wars, but also just wars.’
‘If you work hard enough, you’ll make a good living. If you are poor, you only have yourself to blame.’
‘Freedom of speech is desirable, but not when it threatens national security.’
‘Racial equality is desirable, but we’ve gone far enough in that direction.’
‘Our Constitution is the greatest guarantee of liberty and justice.’
‘The United States must intervene from time to time in various parts of the world with military power...[to] promote democracy.’
‘If you want to get things changed, the only way is to go through the proper channels.’
‘There is much injustice in the world but there is nothing that ordinary people, without wealth or power, can do about it.’
What/Who is your Columbian Orator?